I thought this was interesting enough to be worth quoting. From “Globalization and Violence Against Women,” by Lorraine Radford and Kaname Tsutsumi, in Women’s Studies International Forum (Jan 2004).
With globalization the boundaries between entrapment and slavery have become more blurred. The sale of women into sexual slavery or for marriage has been made easier by information technology and the shrinking of space and time associated with globalization. Human trafficking into prostitution and sexual slavery is big business, bringing profits in the region of $7 billion per year in 1998, and it is growing worldwide (Kelly & Regan, 2000, p. 16). It is also less risky than trafficking drugs as the penalties in most countries are lower. Kelly and Regan (2000) have used the concept of a “continuum of control” to refer to the degrees of force, coercion and trickery used to get women into the sex trade. The continuum of control ranges from imprisonment to abduction to slavery through to debt bondage, deception and threats, but women are also procured through friendship and strategies that use love (Brown, 2000). There is no doubt that domestic violence contributes to the trafficking of women into the sex trade. Trafficked women are not always unaware of the risks they may face. Hope of a better life may outweigh the risks. This fudging of the boundaries between coercion, love and no options makes it easier to blame women for “trapping themselves” in sexual slavery.