From New Scientist:
Deaths from cervical cancer could jump fourfold to a million a year by 2050, mainly in developing countries. This could be prevented by soon-to-be-approved vaccines against the virus that causes most cases of cervical cancer – but there are signs that opposition to the vaccines might lead to many preventable deaths.
The trouble is that the human papilloma virus (HPV) is sexually transmitted. So to prevent infection, girls will have to be vaccinated before they become sexually active, which could be a problem in many countries.
In the US, for instance, religious groups are gearing up to oppose vaccination, despite a survey showing 80 per cent of parents favour vaccinating their daughters. “Abstinence is the best way to prevent HPV,” says Bridget Maher of the Family Research Council, a leading Christian lobby group that has made much of the fact that, because it can spread by skin contact, condoms are not as effective against HPV as they are against other viruses such as HIV.
“Giving the HPV vaccine to young women could be potentially harmful, because they may see it as a licence to engage in premarital sex,” Maher claims, though it is arguable how many young women have even heard of the virus.
Unfortunately, these problems are not unique to the US – which is particularly infuriating outside the first world, where lack of good medical care makes dying of cervical cancer more likely.
India is planning to do its own clinical trials, but will not test the vaccine in young girls. “This is not possible until around the age of marriage in India,” Ganguly says.
Once licensed, the vaccine should be given to younger girls, he says. “But people will say ‘My girl is very virtuous, why vaccinate?’ It will be a real challenge, not like other vaccines.”
Via Tennessee Guerilla Women (which is a really excellent blog, by the way).